The 2020-2021 special election in Georgia came about when Class III Senator Johnny Isakson (R) resigned from his position due to health reasons, which became effective December,31, 2019.
In compliance with Georgia’s Law , Governor Brian Kemp appointed Kelly Loeffler (R) as Isakson’s short-term replacement, effective Jan. 6,2020. Loeffler continues to hold her appointed position until she or someone else is elected in the runoff on Jan.5,2021. Since a primary election did not take place, all candidates were placed on a blank primary ballot, of all the candidates in the running Raphael Warnock (D) and Kelly Loeffler (R) received a majority of the votes.
Neither candidate received 50% or more of the votes that were needed to fill the seat, so the top two candidates advance to participate in a runoff election, Warnock obtained 32.9% of votes whereas Loeffler came in second with 25.9%. The Jan.5 runoff winner will hold the Senate seat for the remainder of Isakson’s term, which ends Jan. 3, 2023.
The special election took place in concurrence with the regular Class II Senate election for the Senate seat , which is held by David Perdue (R) , his seat will also be up for grabs in the January 5 runoff. If the Democrats win both seats, it will give them control of the Senate, as the 50–50 tie can be broken by Democratic Vice-President elect Kamala Harris. If they lose either of the races, Republicans will remain in control of the Senate. Which is why this election has attracted significant nationwide attention.